Climatic chambers at ambient pressure (with air or other gases) are also used to simulate a pressurised environment or a planetary environment such as Mars.
Thermal vacuum cycling / thermal balance with solar illumination to simulate Mars environment. Ability to reproduce Mars environment (10mbar CO2).
Higher temperature [K]:
Lower temperature [K]:
Solar simulator intensity max. [W/m²]:
30 channels for temperature/voltage measurements
Vacuum limit [hPa] [mbar]:
Cleanroom classes (ISO 14644-1):
TVAC, TV test, thermal vacuum cycling, thermal cycling, ESA, ESTEC, Mechanical Systems Laboratory, MSL, Mars